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THE HISTORY OF PORTUGUESE COBBLESTONE PAVEMENT

The view on the historical influence of the pavements to the Portuguese Cobblestone as we know it today.

The Portuguese Pavement is the result of the time and the vision of the peoples who passed through Portugal and influenced the inventive genius of man in his permanent capacity for regeneration and response to the challenges of his time.



In the year 195 a. C. the Roman people occupied Portugal and here they developed their extensive technical knowledge applying it to the improvement of living conditions. At this time the Roman roads were built and from its improved technique we drank part of the knowledge still applied to the Portuguese Pavement.



Later, the Muslim heritage in our country brought the ornamentation, geometric motifs and symbolism inherent in a new world view, creating unity in multiplicity.



At the time of the discoveries Lisbon, the Capital of the Empire, experienced the opulence and modernization that the global exchanges of peoples and goods allowed, and the important commercial arteries of the city were paved, as well as the aestheticization of the spaces, fruit of the wealth that was lived.



The 1755 earthquake devastated all existing stone paving records, and only later with the requalification of the city was the first example of Portuguese Calçada at S. Jorge Castle, by the governor, who was very knowledgeable of Roman techniques, between 1840 and 1846. A stone carpet that surrounded the whole space and caused great impact and acceptance in the population of Lisbon, generating crowds of people to this area to appreciate the heady beauty of the novelty.



Also the rulers were sensitized by this work of Lieutenant General Eusébio Cândido Pinheiro Furtado, encouraging them to undertake successive works of paving and ornamentation of the streets and squares that decade after decade established a very unique identity for the city of Lisbon.
Later this art arrived in Porto, the main cities of the country and passed borders. The Portuguese colonized the streets and squares of dozens of countries in the world with beauty and technique.



Over the centuries, this immemorial knowledge has come together to bring us what we know today as Portuguese Pavement, which is in historical reality: a Portuguese memory Pavement.

© Pinterest
Method of Building a Roman Pavement
© Javier Ramos
Conimbriga - ornamental and geometric motifs pavements, in Coimbra PT
© Sociedade de Antiquários de Londres
Street Nova dos Mercadores, Time of the Discoveries, Lisbon PT
© Wikimedia Commons
Rossio square, before the 1755 earthquake, Lisbon PT
© Paulo Guedes
São Jorge Castle, Portuguese Cobblestone Pavement in 1842, Lisbon PT
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